As a supplement, it can help supports dogs' hearts, joints, coats, skin, and immune systems. The National Research Council says that 20-55 mg of EPA and DHA omega fatty acids together per pound of body fat is safe for dogs. In extract form, its use in Ayurvedic (Indian) medicine dates back to ancient times. Marsh, K. A. et al (2008). Cochrane Database System Review, 10(CD001321). Omega 3). Any possible side effects to watch out for. Food and Drug Administration, Dietary supplements. Healthy Pets. She is also the founder of the Gundog Trust and the Dogsnet Online Training Program, Pippa's online training courses were launched in 2019 and you can find the latest course dates on the Dogsnet website. We absolutely understand the desire to help our beloved pets live longer and be healthier! You can talk with your veterinarian about the proper dosage using this handy dosing chart for guidance. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 229(4). In humans, studies show weak to no evidence that cranberry juice helps with urinary tract infections, and the variability in potency of over-the-counter products is an issue. A sufficient diet should just about cover all your favorite pet’s needs. When your dog gets really old and fragile, then you can consider a few boosters to give it a higher quality life. As for dogs, there are even fewer studies. Some research exists about supplements for humans, but not enough. Your Labrador also has a luscious double-layered coat. Many more variations on these themes exist—some more common and some quite rare. Freeman, L. M. et al (2006). Ultimately, here’s what we know generally about dog supplements. Enzyme supplements are designed to support a dog’s digestion, and may be prescribed in cases of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). As the name suggests, the Labrador Retriever was originally developed for retrieving game and, while he is still a talented hunter, he has also … 6 Best Labrador Dog Foods Plus Top Brands for Puppies and Seniors Read More » Zhao, X. T. et al (1996). We don’t know much about the effectiveness or safety of dog supplements. Safety of dietary supplements for horses, dogs, and cats. Adding extra good stuff to your dog’s diet seems like a no-brainer, right? When Do Puppies Stop Biting And How To Cope With A... Silver Lab – The Facts About Silver Labrador Retrievers. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64(3). Have you ever used joint supplements for dogs? So it’s totally natural to wonder if our canine pals would benefit from vitamin supplements for dogs. Do your research and find out more about the company. In other words, with your veterinarian’s approval, it probably can’t hurt to try it. The top ten pet supplements: do they work? Food and Drug Administration, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. A couple of studies only show there might be some possible advantages. Thanks to their dense coat, Labradors can develop acute moist dermatitis or 'hot spots', particularly during warm weather or after swimming or bathing. I thought she may have pulled a muscle while retrieving, as she is very aggressive and attacks the dummy as she reaches it on land. You will continue to receive the discount for as long as you stay on the program, and you may cancel at any time, for any reason, with no cancellation fees or penalties. Labrador owners should take extra care, particularly with puppies, to ensure that their dogs do not have access to items which commonly cause problems such as socks, corn cobs and children's toys. Westermarck, E. et al (1993). In fact, canine hip and joint health is also a confusing topic in its own right. Often, dogs with an iron deficiency are experiencing an underlying cause that must first be diagnosed before iron therapy can begin. (2011). If you feed your dog real food instead of dog food, any bones should be removed from the meat or fish. Hackett, E. S. et al (2012). Joint supplements for dogs are pills that can be taken in the attempt to improve your pup’s mobility. Schoenmakers, I. et al. The only treatment for dysplasia is surgical correction. Becker, K. (2014). Their lifespans are so short as they are. The high quality proteins listed in the ingredients make Hill’s Science Diet the best dog food for Labrador puppies to build and maintain lean muscle while they are growing. In part this is because it competes with magnesium and certain minerals for absorption in the intestine. Modern Labradors stem from St. John’s water dog and were bred, like other retrievers, to be hard-working and loyal companions. She is also the founder of the Gundog Trust and the Dogsnet Online Training Program, Pippa's online training courses were launched in 2019 and you can find the latest course dates on the Dogsnet website. Veterinary Medicine International. If your dog isn’t getting enough of these from his food, you can ask a vet if supplements for older dogs containing these ingredients will help. The Labrador Site is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk. Nutra-Paws Osteo-Pet Total Joint Care for Dogs: This highly rated supplement includes glucosamine, chondroitin, MSM, hyaluronic acid, Boswellia serrata and Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil), plus other ingredients. Only mild diarrhea and flatulence were reported as side effects, and these occurred only briefly in just five out of the 24 participating dogs. With dogs, life is really about the simple pleasures—meal times are one of them. Journal of Nutrition, 127(6). We do not recommend supplementing zinc unless your vet has established a regimen that includes a safe amount of a palatable type of zinc. As well, as with any type of medication or supplement (whether prescribed or over-the-counter), dosage, frequency, treatment length and other factors can also impact efficacy. Animal Necessity recommends consulting your veterinarian regarding the types of supplements that could benefit your dog's physical health and mental well-being. Your veterinarian is always the right point of contact before beginning to give your dog any type of dog joint care supplements or dog joint pain supplements. We just don’t have enough information, and the variation in dog supplements is so large that we can’t generalize. Which dogs are most prone to hip and joint problems and why? First, you need to understand the cause of your dog’s condition. Veterinary Dermatology, 12(2). Many people use liver supplements to reduce symptoms of liver disease in dogs. Medici, E. and Grigsby, L. (2013). We don’t have a lot of information on dosage, either. On that note, what are the best hip and joint supplements for dogs and how much should your dog be taking? Zinc: You call it a trace mineral, but it could be fatal for your dog. Your thoughts? Today, one important research study investigated whether oral boswellia extract could potentially decrease pain and improve joint health in canine research subjects. Arthritis can also be hereditary in some purebred or hybrid dog breeds. Nourishing supplements support your dog’s body and immune system to continue building healthy joints. Glucosamine can also be made synthetically as glucosamine hydrochloride or glucosamine sulfate. Comparison Table: Best Dog Food for Labrador Retrievers. Still, you should know that too much calcium can cause problems. Owning a Labrador means paying close attention to the health and happiness of your dog. Bauer, J. E. (2007). Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 27(1). We’ve also given them a consumer rating based on online reviews. They can reduce inflammation and are often prescribed for pets with dermatologic issues as good skin supplements for dogs or good dog coat supplements. Researchers saw positive reduction in pain and improvement in mobility after just two weeks in 71 percent of patients, with improvements in all patients after six weeks. All you have to do is look for foods that first and foremost provide complete and balanced nutrition, and recipes that contain the ingredients you know (or at least suppose) your dog does well on and is not allergic/sensitive to. Some, in the future, may become accepted therapies for the conditions we already use them for – once science has caught up with demand. When deciding on the   best joint supplement   for your Labrador, you should choose one that contains   glucosamine,   MSM   (methylsulphonylmethane),   chondroitin, and   turmeric   as a bare minimum. Jewell, D. E. et al (200). Labradors are extremely popular dogs, especially in Canada, the US, and the UK. Labrador Retriever Life Span – How Long Do Labs Live? Antioxidants can improve cognition and memory, and are good eye supplements for dogs. Ewing, P. Iron deficiency in dogs and cats. Results may conflict with one another. The top ten pet supplements: do they work? So the answer to this question is really unknown. Like Boswellia serrat, curcumin has a centuries-long history of use in Ayurvedic as well as traditional Chinese medicine. Dog Food Allergies And How To Deal With Them. The Labrador Site is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk. Intriguingly, one recent human research study specifically looked at the potential for improvements in joint issues when curcumin and Boswellia serrata are combined. We easily recommend both products. They’re also one of the breeds with preventable health problems, such as joint problems (elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia), eye problems, endocrine problems, and other congenital diseases. But we don’t yet know how to administer it for maximum effect. Independent studies on safety for pets are rare. Adding raw dog health supplements or dog supplements for homemade food here might assist in making sure pups get complete nutrition if you choose to eschew commercial diets. Fiber supplements are generally designed to treat constipation, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, and other gastrointestinal issues. If you want to try treating a UTI with cranberry, choose a cranberry extract with a high level of proanthocyadins. After all, anything we can do to help them live longer, happier lives is good. We humans take vitamins and supplements for our health, right? Adaptation to different calcium intakes in dogs. But not enough research exists to specify what amounts are most effective. The numbers aren’t exact, because more research must be done. Most healthy dogs do not need additional supplements. Please visit a vet before adding any iron supplements to your dog’s diet. Cranberry dog supplements are usually used in cases of urinary tract infections, but research does not currently support the effectiveness for dogs. Protein absorption depends on load-dependent inhibition of intestinal transit in dogs. The Labrador Site is also a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Bayer Animal Health DVM 9316 Synovi G4 Soft Chew, NaturVet Clinically Tested ArthriSoothe-GOLD Level 3 Advanced Joint Care for Dogs, Nutra-Paws Osteo-Pet Total Joint Care for Dogs, Glucosamine and Chondroitin Use in Canines for Osteoarthritis: A Review, Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid Compared to Traditional Conservative Treatment in Dogs with Osteoarthritis Associated with Hip Dysplasia, Common Knee Problems in Dogs: Patellar Luxation, Efficacy and Safety of Glycosylated Undenatured Type-II Collagen (UC-II) in Therapy of Arthritic Dogs, Efficacy and Safety of Curcumin and Its Combination with Boswellic Acid in Osteoarthritis: A Comparative, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study, Efficacy of an Oral Hyaluronate and Collagen Supplement as a Preventative Treatment for Elbow Dysplasia, Dietary Support with Boswellia Resin in Canine Inflammatory Joint and Spinal Disease, Joint Supplements for Dogs: The Helpful vs. Male Dog Names – The Top 50 Names For 2019. There are several different types of arthritis that can arise from autoimmune, infectious or cancerous causes. We do know that dogs get all the protein they need from food. Responses of dogs to dietary omega-3 fatty acids. Antimicrobial use guidelines for treatment of urinary tract disease in dogs and cats: Antimicrobial Guidelines Working Group of the International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases. Did you know that due to the absence of a certain gene, your family’s best friend is especially prone to becoming overweight?. Pippa Mattinson is the best selling author of The Happy Puppy Handbook, the Labrador Handbook, Choosing The Perfect Puppy, and Total Recall. Whether to give the supplements with food or between meals. From brand to brand, there will be differences in the amount of active ingredients and quality. Best Puppy Food for Labrador Retrievers Puppies grow and change a lot in a short period, so it’s likely that your feeding habits will change rapidly. They can reduce the intensity of allergies, which means that they may act as one of the possible dog supplements for itchy skin and dog supplements for dry skin, assuming allergies are the cause. Marsden, S., Calcium Supplements, VCA Hospitals. Studies on anemia in dogs due to pyridoxine deficiency. Stiffness, fluid buildup, joint swelling in one or several joints, and other symptoms are common when arthritis is present. The Hype,” Veterinary Medicine DVM360. The very small amount of scientific evidence that exists for trials on companion animals indicates possible benefits and little harm. They will contain something that is believed to keep them from having movement problems like arthritis in the future, or to decrease current symptoms. Be sure any supplement you choose contains both EPA and DHA. Bully Max is vital for maintaining a healthy Labrador Retriever. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 211(4). The reasons cited include varying formulations, potency, active ingredients and other impossible-to-control-for factors (currently, natural supplements like these are not heavily regulated in the same way as are prescription-based drugs). Labradors are friendly, fun and energy full dogs that make great pets. In fact, without a nutritious diet, your dog might not be able to process supplements effectively at all. Although zinc is an essential trace element that is needed by dogs for various tasks within the body, such as gene expression and cell operation, dogs often get enough of it in their meat sources. Antioxidants can improve cognition and memory, and are good eye supplements for dogs. Their exterior and interior will be in peak performance & their mood will match. Fish and poultry meat is lean and therefore perfect for your Labrador. As with humans, having too much of a good thing can be dangerous. We feed high grade foods and supplement with NuVet Plus and NuJoint. Zinc can be used effectively, along with linoleic acid, as skin and coat supplements for dogs. Male Dog Names – The Top 50 Names For 2019. Joint supplements are available as tablets, capsules, as a liquid, and in certain dog foods. Calcium is a mineral that dogs need, but don’t necessarily get from meat. Iron deficiency causes red blood cells to form abnormally. That doesn’t mean you should avoid all supplements; many vets may prescribe them to your dog and may have anecdotal evidence that they work just fine. That’s why we’re here – to help you make sense of the options! He was just neutered three weeks ago. Jepson, R. G. et al (2012). Nourishing supplements support your dog’s body and immune system to continue building healthy joints. Zinc deficiency often appears as lesions on the skin in a condition called zinc-responsive dermatosis. Evidence suggests that today, the number of dogs taking supplements may now be as high as 35-40 percent. Want to know if they’re safe and effective? The breed and age-specific food will have all the extra nutrients and supplements necessary to ensure that your puppy grows slowly enough to develop strong, healthy bones and muscles and so avoid developing bone deformities by growing too quickly. The Journal of Nutrition, 2(1). What to do if your dog doesn’t take supplements easily (for example, it may be possible to hide them in treats or mix them in meals to get your dog to take them). Gershoff, S. N. (1958). This makes UC-II another supplement that may be worth discussing with your veterinarian if your dog is struggling with stiffness, pain or lameness associated with arthritis. However, anemia can be caused by other things than iron deficiency; for example, it can come from a deficiency of certain B vitamins. Similar to the adult Labrador, a senior Labrador will need plenty of glucosamine and chondroitin to keep their aging joints supple and strong, so be sure to look for the protein meals as described above, as well as extra added supplements. It is now thought that curcumin and Boswellia serrata can work together to make more progress than either can on its own. Has the product’s quality been verified by an independent organization? The optimum level of Calcium and other minerals in this puppy food promotes healthy bone growth and teeth development in Labradors. Treatment supplements work to repair joint damage. Eating a quality, balanced food source will show instant results in your Lab. Effect of treatment on the jejunal and colonic bacterial flora of dogs with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Bully Max Labrador Retriever Supplements are excellent for sport dogs and hunting dogs. Milk thistle and its derivate compounds: A review of opporunities for treatment of liver disease. You’re probably at least familiar with omega-6 fatty acids with regards to your own diet. It contains all of our picks for the best foods for your labs. Even in cases where studies have been done, we still may not know safe and effective dosages. Believe it or not, these questions can even be confusing to veterinarians because there isn’t sufficient research in the field of canine joint and hip health to answer every question with solid research data. When administered as an injectable supplement for joint issues in dogs during clinical trials, HA delivered similar positive results to traditional conservative canine joint treatments. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a naturally occurring component in the body that helps to create and support the skin, eyes, connective tissues, joints and joint fluid, as well as other body systems. When you find the best dog food for Labradors and give your dog adequate exercise, you don’t have to worry about giving it any extra supplements. A good dog food has been balanced to contain everything your dog needs to stay healthy. Sometimes they may include some kind of appetite enhancer, or vitamins and minerals to improve nutrition. Chondroitin also occurs naturally in the cartilage, and can also help with reducing inflammation and forming new cartilage/reinforcing existing cartilage and connective tissues. Do Midges Bite Dogs? If you still want to know more on the best dog supplements, read on for some specifics. Those in the treatment group showed statistically significant improvements in flexibility, pain levels and overall physical activity. October 17, 2020 May 4, 2019 by Mark Brunson. Dogs participating in the research study received either 1 mg or 10 mg per day for 90 days. The Labrador Site is also a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Zinc: You call it a trace mineral, but it could be fatal for your dog, Responses of dogs to dietary omega-3 fatty acids, Zinc-responsive dermatosis in northern-breed dogs: 17 cases, Disease prevalence among dogs and cats in the United States and Australia and proportions of dogs and cats that receive therapeutic diets or dietary supplements, Adaptation to different calcium intakes in dogs, Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infection, Effects of zinc and linoleic acid supplementation on the skin and coat quality of dogs receiving a complete and balanced diet, Fermentable dietary fiber increases GLP-1 secretion and improves glucose homeostasis despite increased intestinal glucose transport capacity in healthy dogs, Toxicology brief: Too much of a good thing: Zinc toxicosis in dogs. Disease prevalence among dogs and cats in the United States and Australia and proportions of dogs and cats that receive therapeutic diets or dietary supplements. Are you thinking of giving dog supplements to your best friend? The package includes a dosing recommendation chart. Joint supplements for dogs are a confusing topic at best. Drop us a comment to share your story. Together, you should carefully review possible interactions with any other necessary medications your dog may be taking and also take a look at the potential impact of a new supplement on your dog’s other preexisting health conditions, if any. Treatment supplements work to repair joint damage. Be careful with health supplements. If your dog’s coat is healthy, that can reduce shedding, so fatty acid supplements are often also used as dog shedding supplements. When Do Puppies Stop Biting And How To Cope With A... Silver Lab – The Facts About Silver Labrador Retrievers. One of the biggest risks to giving your pet “human food” is that they can choke on improperly prepared items and require an urgent trip to the vet’s office. Phylogenetic characterization of fecal microbial communities of dogs fed diets with or without supplemental dietary fiber using 454 pyrosequencing. Finding the best joint supplement for dogs is not as simple as just asking “what is the best joint supplement for dogs?” and then ordering that supplement. Or any information at all, frankly! The initial treatment is typically to try to manually manipulate the joint back into the socket and then allow it to heal. As your dog ages, you may wish to provide senior dog supplements. Fatty acids may assist in osteoarthritis, and fish oil is also used to assist in cardiovascular health as well. Make sure your dog actually needs the fiber before you add it. This are not breed specific dog vitamins and are work with all breeds of dogs. Homemade and raw food diets often do not offer the right amounts of vitamins for your dog. In the body, its responsibilities include fighting inflammation, nourishing cartilage and creating the cushioning fluid around the joints. Glucosamine is a naturally occurring compound that forms in cartilage. While there are many human studies highlighting positive results in clinical trials and overall potential to reduce inflammation and pain and aid in healing, very little research has been done in dogs with joint issues. Effects of diets with different calcium and phosphorus contents on the skeletal development and blood chemistry of growing Great Danes. Preventative supplements aim to keep your dog’s joints healthy and strong so joint problems do not develop in the future. If your dog isn’t getting enough of these from his food, you can ask a vet if supplements for … It is known to be hereditary and can cause lameness and limping in minor cases and joint and cartilage deformation in major cases. We’ve ordered them based on price ascending- keep in mind costs can fluctuate. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 236(1). Unfortunately, these clinicians found the results of past research to date to be largely inconclusive. Sometimes called “trick kneecap,” this joint issue affects primarily small and toy breed dogs of any age and causes the kneecap joint to slip out of socket (dislocate). Best (Dry and Wet) Dog Foods for Labradors #1 Weruva Grain Free Food for All Life Stages Combining a mix of healthy, lean proteins, this food meets the meat and fat requirements of the Labrador … Pippa Mattinson is the best selling author of The Happy Puppy Handbook, the Labrador Handbook, Choosing The Perfect Puppy, and Total Recall. The anti-inflammation effects may help with kidney disease, so they are sometimes marketed as kidney supplements for dogs. Many commercial dog foods already contain fish oil, but not always in sufficient quantities to treat existing joint inflammation. Effect of dietary supplements containing antioxidants on attenuation of muscle damage in exercising sled dogs. Finding the best dog food for Labradors is not much different than finding the best dog food in general. Too much zinc, however, causes a condition called zinc toxicosis. The Hype. A big part of comprehensive care for dogs is ensuring they have a well-balanced diet. They can also be taken as supplements if necessary. Hence their food should contain a good amount of omega fatty acids. Additionally, most good-quality commercial dog foods are nutritionally balanced, meaning that adding multivitamins could actually lead to too many water-soluble vitamins and minerals. Antioxidants and probiotics are also popular. If your Labrador has food allergies or a sensitive stomach, you might... Chicken Soup for the Soul Large Breed Chicken, Turkey & Brown Rice Recipe. Does the dog in your life have a cat in theirs? However, researchers concluded that additional trials with more stringent controls are needed before making a firm statement that HA in supplement form can help canine joint pain and mobility issues. Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The best thing to do is check the ingredients on the food - most 'special' food contain pretty small amounts of supplements (e.g. Additionally, iron-deficient dogs simply aren’t good at absorbing iron. We believe these enhance the quality of life for our dogs, and may help them live longer. I am concerned about Chinese ingredients that can be found in supplements for dogs. Science-Based Medicine. The underlying cause is currently unknown—it may or may not be hereditary and may also be triggered by diet and lifestyle choices in puppyhood. Weese, J. S. et al (2011). Dog supplements are regulated by the Federal Department of Agriculture, but only in a very limited way. The Journal of Nutrition, 128(10). Too much fiber can cause problems as well, such as diarrhea and nausea. It is known to be a hereditary condition and typically affects larger breed dogs more frequently than it affects small breed dogs, although it can affect dogs of all sizes. These supplements come in a tasty chewable tablet that we give to our dogs like a treat. Dosage was 400 mg per every 10 kg of the dog’s body weight. First, you should start by modifying diet and exercise. Some companies say dogs need these to make up for lacks in commercial diets, but this is not true. Here are some things to look out for: Ingredients . Has this information been helpful? Nutramax Laboratories Veterinary Sciences, Inc. Research articles for our products. Glucosamine / Chondroitin joint supplements for dogs On this page you will learn how best to manage this and all of the other common Labrador health problems. Our dogs keep beautiful, shiny coats, strong clean teeth, sharp vision, and stay happy and healthy. This is because, as veterinary researchers point out, dogs get a lot of the same types of joint issues people get, and at a fundamental level, the pain and discomfort feels pretty much the same. Dogs were tracked for 30 days following the end of the study, and results showed that all symptoms of arthritis returned once UC-II doses were stopped. High amounts of protein can cause problems with their bodily functions. Before starting to give your dog any dog joint supplements natural or synthetic, you should also ask your vet about each of the following: Three different basic types of joint supplements exist—ask your vet which might be the most appropriate for your dog’s current and future joint health needs. Zinc poisoning can result in vomiting or death. Vitamins can improve body functions and be good allergy dog supplements by reducing reactions. Fatty acid supplements for dogs won’t necessarily be effective if the cause is an infection or disease. Colombini, S. and Dunstan, R. W. Zinc-responsive dermatosis in northern-breed dogs: 17 cases (1990-1996). Sometimes it starts in young dogs due to developmental abnormalities (such as osteochondrosis) or inherited joint deformities. But the world of dog supplements is extensive, and it might seem a bit overwhelming. If you want an easy-to-reference guide, check out the table below. Supplements are no longer an afterthought but an important element for your Labrador's nutrition and care. Labradors: A True Best Friend. However, many vets consider them effective, and will recommend and prescribe them for animals under their care. Turns out, they are good for your dog, too. Typically, the best type of protein for a Labrador Retriever will be items made from meat, dairy, or fish. Last week she began slightly favoring one of her front legs while walking. Boswellia serrata, or Indian Frankincense, is a gummy resin made by the boswellia bush. Each one should be as tasty and enjoyable as possible. Know what you’re looking for and read labels. At other times the natural wear and tear of time can cause joints to begin breaking down. The Labrador is consistently ranked the most popular dog in the United States by AKC statistics and it is also one of the most popular breeds in the UK and Canada. Also, it may increase the chance of getting bladder stones. Bhathal, A., 2017, “Glucosamine and Chondroitin Use in Canines for Osteoarthritis: A Review,” Open Veterinary Journal, Carapeba, G., et al., 2016, “Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid Compared to Traditional Conservative Treatment in Dogs with Osteoarthritis Associated with Hip Dysplasia,” Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Journal, Crupi, M., DVM, et al., 2017, “Common Knee Problems in Dogs: Patellar Luxation,” Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Center, Deparle, L.A., et al., 2005, “Efficacy and Safety of Glycosylated Undenatured Type-II Collagen (UC-II) in Therapy of Arthritic Dogs,” Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology Therapy, Duerr, F., DVM, et al., “Arthritis Management and Prevention,” Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Colorado State University, Hanson, R., DVM, DACVS, DACVECC, et al., “Other Joint Disorders in Dogs,” Merck Veterinary Manual, Haroyan, A., et al., 2018, “Efficacy and Safety of Curcumin and Its Combination with Boswellic Acid in Osteoarthritis: A Comparative, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study,” BioMed Central, Marti-Angulo, S., et al., 2014, “Efficacy of an Oral Hyaluronate and Collagen Supplement as a Preventative Treatment for Elbow Dysplasia,” Journal of Veterinary Science, Reichling, J., et al., 2004, “Dietary Support with Boswellia Resin in Canine Inflammatory Joint and Spinal Disease,” Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd/National Institutes of Health, Wooten, S.J., DVM, 2017, “Joint Supplements for Dogs: The Helpful vs.
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