... Florida Archaeology 352-273-1924 Twitter: @CeramicTechLab. [3] The Fort Walton culture was named for the site by archaeologist Gordon Willey, but later work in the area has led archaeologists to believe the Fort Walton site was actually built and used by people of the contemporaneous Pensacola culture. Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Ft. Walton Incised, fine incised and punctated. Fort Walton Mound, in the Indian Temple Mound and Museum, Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center. By sometime in the late 1600s the mound was abandoned by its original builders and lay dormant in use until the area was reinhabited by white settlers in the mid 19th century. archaeology, the park is located in the heart of downtown Fort Walton Beach. Still reduced by time, the massive mound is still 12 feet (3.7 m) high and 223 feet (68 m) wide at the base. Discover (and save!) This new phase is known as the Leon-Jefferson culture. It was occupied during the entire Fort Walton period, but abandoned at about 1500 CE when the capital of the chiefdom was moved to nearby Anhaica, the capital when the de Soto entrada encamped there in the winter of 1539. Named after Fort Walton Beach, on the Florida Gulf Coast. The company's principal address is Emerald Coast Archaeology Soceity Inc. 139 Miracle Strip Parkway Se, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548 and its mailing address is Emerald Coast Archaeology Soceity Inc. 139 Miracle Strip Parkway Se, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548. 28, no. [11] In 1971-1973 with the help of Depauw University's Robert J. Fornaro the mound was excavated to locate post holes and recover ceramic material that might fit vessels found earlier. The company has 4 principals on record. Opened in 2010, the Civil War Exhibits Building features displays about Florida's history during the American Civil War. The Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum was the original one-room schoolhouse built in 1911. Deep, wide, and rectangular incisions on grit-tempered pottery. 38, No. Through more work in the area archaeologist have now come to believe the Ft. Walton site was actually built and used by people of the contemporaneous Pensacola culture. Walker wrote a report about excavating the mound for the Smithsonian Institution. Opened in 1976, the museum features early-20th-century desks and education items. Artifacts from Hernando de Soto Winter Encampment archaeological site excavations are displayed inside the Martin House, which is located on the property. [7] In 1940 the highly respected archaeologist Gordon Willey and Richard Woodbury reexamined the Fort Walton Mound and other sites Moore had visited. The Fort Walton and later Leon-Jefferson peoples are the direct ancestors of the Apalachee peoples. [8] Their work here was mentioned in Willey's highly acclaimed work "Archaeology of the Florida Gulf Coast," which he completed when he worked for the Bureau of American Ethnology Smithsonian Institution. 61-81. The park is centered around the noted Fort Walton Temple Mound, a major ceremonial structure build by Native Americans of the Mississippian culture (A.D. 900-1500). The peoples of the Fort Walton culture used mostly sand, grit, grog, or combinations of these materials as tempering agents in their pottery, whereas the Pensacola culture peoples used the more typical Mississippian culture shell tempering for their pottery. Using this unique combination of sand/grit/grog tempering as its criterion Fort Walton culture is now defined within the geographical area stretching from the Aucilla River in the east to a Pensacola–Fort Walton transitional area around Choctawhatchee Bay in the west and north into the interior of south Alabama and Georgia, 107 miles (172 km) up the Apalachicola River and 50 miles (80 km) up the Chattahoochee River. The platform mound, comparable to the pyramids of the Aztecs and Mayans, was the center of a 151. The current museum building opened to the public in 1972 and is located on Highway 98 in the heart of historic downtown Fort Walton Beach, Florida. Sorting Criteria. The dig is to celebrate Florida Archaeology Month, to gain archaeological knowledge and to interest the public in archaeology and local history. The Fort Walton Temple Mound, built between 800 and 1400 A.D., is a National Historic Landmark. The Fort Walton culture is the term used by archaeologists for a late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture that flourished in southeastern North America from approximately 1200~1500 CE and is associated with the historic Apalachee people. Point Washington Incised. According to the first curator of the Indian Temple Mound Museum Yulee Lazarus the reconstruction of the temple building that currently stands on top of the mound was never intended on being a "replica," but rather to "bolster the imagination and interpretation of the Indians' use of the temple mound. [17] It opened for use for the community children from 1912 to 1936. Another Fort Walton site we are working on is Yon Mound, which was first excavated by C. B. Moore in 1902 . Heritage Park & Cultural Center- Fort Walton Beach, FL Photo Courtesy: fwb.org. Illustrations of the full range of types are included on the following pages by permission of the author. Hours, Tickets + Directions; Staff Directory; Legal The city-owned and operated Indian Temple Mound Museum features pre-Columbian artifacts found on site and from other locations, as well as a variety of exhibits on later Native American and Floridian history including artifacts from the European Explorers, local pirates and early settlers. Test excavations determined that Velda was a Fort Walton village dating to ca AD 1450-1625. It was occupied during the entire Fort Walton period, but abandoned at about 1500 CE[3] when the capital of the chiefdom was moved to nearby Anhaica, the capital when the de Soto entrada encamped there in the winter of 1539. The address is 139 Miracle Strip Pkwy SE, near the intersection of State Road 85 and U.S. Route 98, in the Florida Panhandle. "[5] McKinnon noted that several human remains the soldiers unearthed were from large individuals and probably belonged to warriors as indicated by damage they observed on the skulls, thighs and arms bones consistent with hacking and blunt force trauma.
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