The root contains 25-35% of the mucilage; however, the content of purified mucilage is much lower. Made by hand until 1900, marshmallow root was added to corn syrup, egg whites, and water and was heated, and poured into molds. This content does not provide dosage information, cautions/contraindications, or possible interactions with prescription drugs. Major health-related benefits of the marshmallow plant. (marshmallow root) The EMEA acknowledges that copies of the underlying works used to produce this monograph were provided for research only with exclusion of any commercial purpose. Marshmallow was traditionally used internally for soothing sore throats, laryngitis and tonsillitis, coughs, dryness of the lungs, and digestive upsets. As such, marshmallow is indicated for inflammatory bowel disease, stomach and duodenal … Custom & Predesigned DNA Oligos & qPCR Probes, Advanced Genomics – CRISPR Technology & RNAi. 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Site Use Terms Combinations of marshmallow preparations with steroids have been used in the management of dermatological conditions, and the plant appears to possess anti-inflammatory activity that potentates the effect of topical steroids.8,12 In vitro, anti-inflammatory effects of an ointment containing marshmallow extract and dexamethasone (0.05%) was superior to the individual ingredients in the alleviation of chemically-induced rabbit ear irritation.4 Marshmallow extract in vivo stimulates phagocytosis and the release of cytokines from monocytes, including interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor.13, At doses of 10mg/kg, 30mg/kg and 100mg/kg, marshmallow reduces plasma glucose levels to 74%, 81% and 65% of prior values, respectively, after seven hours in rats.1, Marshmallow mucilage is not altered in the digestive tract until it reaches the colon, where it may be partially or completely digested via bacterial action.5, © 2020  Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Althaea species grown in Iraq. The mucilage in marshmallow is both the reason it can be made into a delicious, fluffy treat, as well as the active constituents behind its medicinal uses. Marshmallow root, or Althaea officinalis, is a flowering plant that has played a role in herbal medicine for centuries. It refers specifically to a room in a monastery where medicinal plants were kept. Licensed by Natural Standard Copyright © 2010 by Natural Standard Corporation. Chemical constituents include altheahexacosanyl lactone (n -hexacos-2-enyl-1,5-olide), 2β-hydroxycalamene (altheacalamene) and altheacoumarin glucoside (5,6-dihydroxycoumarin-5-dodecanoate-6β- D -glucopyranoside), along with the known phytoconstituents lauric acid, β … The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. Herbs are grown, nurtured and harvested from non-gmo seed and are solar dried. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. The whole plant contains a tacky, slimy substance known as mucilage, with the root of 2-3 year old plants containing the highest percentage. Nosal'ova, G., Strapkova, A., Kardosova, A., Capek, P., Zathurecky, L., and Bukovska, E. [Antitussive action of extracts and polysaccharides of marsh mallow (Althea officinalis L., var. Extract RE was obtained from the roots of Althaea officinalis in a yield of 8.1%, related to the dried plant material, by extraction with MeOH–H2O (1:1), followed by precipitation with EtOH to remove high molecular weight constituents. Packaging & Shipping • 1 oz., 2 oz., and 4 oz. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP) describes the actions of Marshmallow root as 'demulcent, diuretic, emollient & vulnerary'. The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. I-Althaea officinalis Synonym : Malva officinalis Common names: English name : Althaea, Marshmallow, Arabic name: khatma , Khatmi Distribution: Native to Asia, Europe and United States of America. > gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulceration, enteritis. Marshmallow root and leaves especially are a soothing expectorant. A polysaccharide dose of 50mg/kg was equally effective as "Syrupus Althaeae" in a dose of 1,000mg/kg.7 The extract was less effective than marshmallow polysaccharide.5 Demulcent properties of marshmallow may be due to reduction of local irritation that causes gastritis. Marshmallow Root Constituents: Mucilage (arabinogalactans and galacturonorhamnan), the amino acid asparagines, antioxidant flavonoids 8-hydroxyluteolin and 8-b-gentiobioside, coumarins, fats, kaempferol, phenolic acids, quercetin, sugars, tannins, and volatile oil. Precautions Should be taken with at least 250mL (8 oz) of liquid. | Privacy. > Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) fills out the description of demulcent to a tee. Marshmallow root is rich in sugars, making it an excellent mucilage and softening on the tissues. When cool – add 100 g Slippery Elm Bark. robusta)]. Marshmallow given intraperitoneally to rats at a dose of 10mg/kg exhibits phagocytic activity, suppresses mucociliary action, and stimulates phagocytosis. It does give a slightly firmer marshmallow… Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission. Chemical constituents. The root is accepted for specified indication in Belgium and France, and listed by the Commission E in Germany. Meyer E. Behandlung akuter und chronischer Bronchitiden mit Heilpflanzen. Contact us for information regarding international product distribution. Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, editors. Beaune, A. and Balea, T. [Anti-inflammatory experimental properties of marshmallow: its potentiating action on the local effects of corticoids]. The German Pharmacopoeia recommends marshmallow root tea for treating inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and the associated dry cough. Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. In the United Kingdom, marshmallow root is listed in Schedule 2, Table A of the General Sale List (GSL), and is also accepted in reviewed medicines for internal use. The viscous fiber has several beneficial effects on digestion: 1) it reduces bowel transit time (acts as a mild laxative); 2) it absorbs toxins from the bowel; 3) it increases fecal bulk and dilutes stool materials thereby reducing stool contact with the gastrointestinal mucosa; and 4) it enhances beneficial bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract and provides an excellent substrate for bacterial fermentation. It says it is indicated for 'gastritis, gastric or peptic ulceration, enteritis, inflammation of the mouth or pharynx, respiratory catarrh with irritating cough, cystitis. Studies on irritated mucus membranes have shown that the mucilage of marshmallow binds to buccal membranes and other mucous membranes of the body. Muller-Limmroth, W. and Frohlich, H. H. [Effect of various phytotherapeutic expectorants on mucociliary transport]. This smooth, slippery substance is believed to soothe and protect irritated mucous membranes. This herbal drug by definition consists […] Marshmallow. Botanical names: Althea officinalis How It Works Mucilage, made up of large carbohydrate (sugar) molecules, is thought to be the active constituent in marshmallow. All Rights Reserved. Top: dried marshmallow root. Leaves are used as an expectorant and as a soothing remedy for the urinary… Marshmallow roots are high in polysaccharides and starches. Clinical Studies/Scientific Research/References: Schmidgall J, Schnetz E, Hensel A. Amongst its many traditional uses it was used to make possibly the first ever cough sweets. Alcaraz M.J., Moroney M., Hoult J.R.S. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and mild laxative. Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonni… > In inflammations of the digestive tract, such as inflamation of the mouth, gastritis, peptic ulcer, enteritis and colitis,the root is advised. The traditional medicinal uses of the plant are reflected in the name of the genus, which comes from the Greek althainein, meaning "to heal". Asparagine, sugar, pectin and tannin have also been identified in the root. Parts of Marshmallow Root Used: The dried root. References: Bone, K. (2003). Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols. It has large light pink or purple five petaled flowers with a faint aroma. The flowers are five-petaled and either pale pink or white. Disclaimer: This information in our Herbal Encyclopedia is intended only as a general reference for educational purposes. In accordance with the European Pharmacopoeia (8th ed., 01/2012:1126) marshmallow root (Althaeae radix) consists of peeled or unpeeled, whole or cut, dried root of Althaea officinalis L. It has a swelling index of minimum 10, determined on the powdered herbal substance. The garden varieties are called HollyHocks. Key Constituents in root and leaf: Root: mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins. For the dried root, adults can take a … Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonnic acid, and D-glucuronic acid in molar ratio of 3:2:3:31. Heat 100g powdered marshmallow root in the combined fats for an hour over a waterbath. • 8 oz. Thus, both parts … With its use stretching back thousands of years, Marshmallow Root was used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. All parts are useful, including root, leaf, and flower. Huriez, C. and Fagez, C. [An association of marshmallow-dexamethasone: the pommade Dexalta]. ;55: 107-8 . MEDICINAL USES : Marshmallow's demulcent can be used wherever soothing and healing properties are needed. Yet another preference for preparing demulcent herbs is described below in the context of marshmallow root, our poster child of the demulcents! Piovano, P. B. and Mazzocchi, S. [Clinical trial of a steroid derivative (9-alpha-fluoro-prednisolone-21- acetate) in association with aqueous extract of althea in the dermatological field]. The stem and leaves are covered in soft hairs, and the grayish-green leaves are rounded to triangular in shape with pointed and serrated edges. Scopoletin, quercitin, kaempferol, chlorgenic acid, caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid are also present in the roots. Mucilaginous herbs like marshmallow root may inhibit coughing by forming a protective coating on the mucosal lining of the respiratory tract, shielding it from irritants.2,6 Marshmallow reduces the transport velocity of isolated ciliary epithelia and may protect mucous layers in the hypopharynx, exert spasmolytic, antisecretory, and bactericidal properties.2 Antitussive activity has been demonstrated by oral doses of marshmallow root extract and a marshmallow polysaccharide (100mg/kg and 50mg/kg respectively) in cats as compared to a non-narcotic cough suppressant. It is not a replacement for medical advice. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Marshmallow Root Tincture. Marshmallow is an erect perennial that can grow to 3 or 4 feet tall with a strong tap root that is yellowish on the outside. Planta Med. It can be thought of as denoting an “official” healing plant. Evidence for bioadhesive effects of polysaccharides and polysaccharide-containing herbs in an ex vivo bioadhesion assay on buccal membranes. Marshmallow is high in aluminum, iron, magnesium, selenium, tin, and substantial amounts of calcium. Newton (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000. Since you’ll be using the marshmallow in Rocky Road using agar agar could be a back up option as well. Marshmallow mucilage, taken either from the roots or the leaves are useful for soothing irritated or damaged mucous membranes in the digestive tract and lungs. This plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and is part of the Malvaceae family. Taste is sweet and texture is mucilaginous. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Effects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase‑1 Marshmallow is a gentle, soothing plant with a tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues and to facilitate the healing process. Marshmallow is a marshy plant growing up to three feet high with a soft velvety texture. Scientific Name/Common Name: Althaea officinalis / Marshmallow. Uses. Herb Description. • 32 oz., 64 oz., and 1 gallon extracts come in plastic bottles with a plastic screw cap. Xylose, glucan, arabinogalactan, acidic polysaccharide containing 2-O-alpha-D-galacturonopyranosyl-l-rhamnose10 are also present in the hydrolysate of leaf and flower mucilage. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and … This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Life Science By 1955 there were 35 manufacturers in the US creating what we know today as the puffy, white, indispensable addition to s'mores. Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing). Hoffmann D. Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. The leaves, flowers, or root of the plant are used. Marshmallow Root Tea has a pleasant, earthy taste. Althaeae radix Marshmallow root Althaea officinalis L. Published 2019 Format: PDF Online viewing (for only €30 per year, you can view online all the monographs) Summary The herbal monograph selects and summarizes scientific studies and textbooks regarding efficacy, dosage and safety to support the therapeutic uses of marshmallow root. (G3) Dosage Dried leaf 2-5Gg or by infusion three times daily;(G6,G7) 5 g. (G3) Leaf, liquid extract 2-5 mL (1:1 in 25% alcohol) three times daily. All Rights Reserved. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. (G3) Marshmallow root is used in combina-tion with anise fruit, eucalyptus oil, liquorice and with anise fruit, liquorice and primrose root and with anise fruit and primrose root for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and resulting dry cough. or 'heal all'. Sendker J, Böker I, Lengers I, Brandt S, Jose J, Stark T(1), Hofmann T(1), Fink C(2), Abdel-Aziz H(2), Hensel A. ... From a chemical constituents perspective, marshmallow root is best used as a cold infusion. Key Constituents – mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols (Hoffman, 2003). Planta Med 2000 Feb; 66(1): 48-53. The content on this site is meant for informational purposes only, and is not intended for use as official health consultation or recommendations. > St Louis, Missouri: Elsevier. The root is used mainly for digestive problems and on the skin. Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis), Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. Extracts from hybrid plants have been found to be more mucilaginous with different sugar composition compared to native plants.11. Scientific Name/Common Name: Althaea officinalis / Marshmallow Part(s) Used: Root Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing).The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. Type in Product Names, Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see suggestions. and 16 oz. Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. To see a step by step article on making cold infusions with marshmallow check out the free HerbMentor Newsletter. Nutrition Research sizes come in amber glass bottles with a plastic screw cap and do not include a dropper. Mucilage, a good source of soluble fiber, is particularly recommended for soothing gastrointestinal diseases. Made with organic ingredients. All text and Images © Flora Inc. I found the marshmallow root powder in a store selling all sorts of health ingredients, but indeed, it’s not easy to get your hands on some! Marshmallow Root Tea from Indigo Herbs is made from exceptionally high quality Marshmallow roots. (1989) Effects of hypolaetin-β-O-glucoside and its aglycone in in vivo and in vitro tests for anti-inflammatory agents. Plant Profiler Bottom pictures show two types of marshmallow plants. In 1966, Beaune et al. These properties were recognized by the taxonomists who named it. The mucilage content of the root, leaves and flowers is highest in the late fall and winter (approximately 11%) and lowest in the spring and summer (5-6%). The root contains starch (37%), mucilage (11%), pectin (11%), flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, and asparagine. Marshmallow is also used as a poultice for healing wounds and skin inflammations. Learning Center Tomoda, M., Shimizu, N., Oshima, Y., Takahashi, M., Murakami, M., and Hikino, H. Hypoglycemic activity of twenty plant mucilages and three modified products. Much of what makes a mucilage are its polysaccharides that are a complex carbohydrate bonded by sugar molecules. conducted an experimental study and found that the anti-inflammatory properties of marshmallow alone were superior to dexamethasone monotherapy rabbits.4 Although these data suggest that marshmallow may possess anti-inflammatory properties that are additive to topical steroids, measurement techniques and statistical methods were not adequately described. Flora Inc. takes no responsibility for harm that may result from the use, abuse or misuse of information contained on this site. The flowers give way to round flattish fruits known as “cheeses.” Organic grain alcohol, distilled water, and organic marshmallow root. Locally for varicose or thrombotic ulcers.
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